Triboelectricity

The triboelectric effect was discovered 2600 years ago by Thales of Miletus. When items in this illustrated (incomplete) list are rubbed together, the low-numbered item gains a positive charge, and the high-numbered item gains a negative charge.

For example, glass rubbed with silk (or, even better, polyester) gains a positive charge, once called “vitreous electricity.” Amber rubbed with wool gains a negative charge, once called “resinous electricity.” Indeed, our word “electron” comes from the Greek ἤλεκτρον, meaning “amber.”