The Internet is currently in a meltdown over a magazine cover featuring “fuller figured” model Ashley Graham, who is allegedly “unhealthy” (see image above).
Now, there are far more important things going on in the world at the moment than women on magazine covers, but it’s worth pointing out that (with a body mass index or BMI of about 25.1) Graham is in fact sitting pretty much right on the upper boundary of the healthy weight range (see diagram below). The storm in a teacup therefore illustrates to what extent an industry dominated by anorexia has forgotten what the normal female body actually looks like (the average fashion model has a BMI of 17.6, well into the unhealthily underweight range).
Some people still seem to think they are, however. Pre-scientific forms of medicine, such as Ayurveda, are still based on the elements being Earth, Air, Water, and Fire. A number of more modern forms of alternative medicine also take this ancient system as a basis. And what about splitting the beer atom?
The Bible (Genesis 2:19–20) describes the first man as beginning an inventory of the world’s animal species. Bob Dylan famously set the story to music in Man Gave Names to All the Animals (1979):
“Man gave names to all the animals In the beginning, in the beginning Man gave names to all the animals In the beginning, long time ago
He saw an animal that liked to growl Big furry paws and he liked to howl Great big furry back and furry hair ‘Ah, think I’ll call it a bear’ …”
In spite of all the millenia that humanity has lived on our planet, this inventory has only just begun. An estimated 8.7 million eukaryotic species exist, with about 86% still awaiting description. At the current rate of progress, finishing the job will take centuries – and during that time, many species will become extinct without ever having been inventoried. Many species have already been lost forever.
The Museum of Osteology in Oklahoma City is a small private museum devoted to bones and skeletons. Specimens in the museum (over 300 skeletons and 400 skulls) were collected by Jay Villemarette, a skeleton fanatic who appears to have found his niche in life during childhood. Villemarette also owns the company Skulls Unlimited, which is located next door to the museum, and which provides much of the material in the museum gift shop.
Left: human skull with bullet wound; right: Western Diamondback Rattlesnake – photos by Michael Alumbaugh (cropped)
Specimens in the Museum of Osteology are displayed well (see photos above and below), and I found the museum interesting. Tripadvisor also rates the museum highly. For admission prices and further information, see the museum website.
Left: Raccoon; centre: Northern Seahorse; right: Broad-footed mole – photos by Michael Alumbaugh